The Bokashi system does not compost food waste, but puts the waste through a fermentation process, making it easier to decompose in the soil.
EM Bokashi contains microbials such as those used to make cheese, bread and yoghurt. These food grade microbes are non-harmful, non-pathogenic, not genetically energized or modified, and not chemically synthesized. The EM are contained in a fermented molasses and bran base. When the correct conditions are provided EM Bokashi sets in motion a fermentation process to transform food waste and other organic materials into nutrient rich compost.
How does the Bokashi system work?
- Begin by sprinkling a 1 cm of Bokashi culture at the bottom of the bin.
- Add a layer of food waste & sprinkle a layer of Bokashi culture over the waste (a small handful for every 4-5 cms of waste). Use a little extra Bokashi culture for high protein foods such as cheese & eggs.
- The smaller the food waste is cut, the quicker it will ferment.
- The less air in the bin the better – compact the waste with a paper plate
- Always replace the lid tightly and drain off any liquid every few days.
- When full, leave the bin in a warm place (not in direct sunlight) for 2 weeks. After 2 weeks the waste will be sufficiently broken down to enable it to be placed in the ground without creating unpleasant smells or attracting flies.
Use all food scraps & plate scrapings including cheese, citrus fruits, coffee grounds and tea bags. Do not add liquids and bones. When ready, the fermented waste will have a yeasty sweet & sour smell. Bokashi treated waste will look the same as when it went into the bin, but the structure of the waste will be changed. A white cotton-like fungal growth may appear on the surface, which indicates that good fermentation has taken place. Rinse the bin thoroughly with clean water after each use and never use chlorine based cleaner.
- Dig a hole or trench 20-25cm deep
- Add fermented waste & mix with some soil
- Wait for 2-3 weeks before planting
- For pot plants – fill one quarter with potting soil – add half the pot with fermented Bokashi – fill pot with potting soil – & allow to settle for 2-3 weeks – plant
- If adding fermented Bokashi to your compost heap – mix with a little compost to speed up decomposition – then cover over with more compost.
Turn dog poop into nutrient rich fertiliser / compost
Yes, you can now turn your pet poop into nutrient rich compost. Follow the same Bokashi instructions that would apply to food waste and other organic matter, and transform your pet poop without any smell, fuss or mess. Do not combine pet poop and food waste together in the same system – use a separate Bokashi system.
Benefits of Bokashi
- Liquid can be poured undiluted down kitchen drains, bath drains & toilets where the EMs will control odours & prevent algae build up. Liquid can also be used as a fertilizer (root drench only). Dilute 100:1
- Food scraps such as diary products, cooked food, bread & plate scrapings which are normally not composted, can be turned into usable compost.
- Organic matter is broken down into compost in less than half the time taken by conventional composting methods.
- The compost produces fertiliser, improves soil conditions, increases water retention & adds beneficial microbes.
- Greenhouse gas emissions are low as the fermenting process is fast & waste composts quickly once dug into the soil.
- Eliminates smells emanating from waste and reduces landfill space required.
- Significantly reduced loss in energy and organic carbon during the composting process.
- Can be used as an accelerator to speed up decomposition in your compost heap.